Ophichthus cephalozona Bleeker, 1864
Dark-shouldered snake eel
Ophichthus cephalozona
photo by Yin, Robert

Family:  Ophichthidae (Snake eels), subfamily: Ophichthinae
Max. size:  115 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m
Distribution:  Pacific Ocean: East Indies to the Society Islands, north to the Mariana Islands, south to Queensland; Mariana and Marshall Islands in Micronesia. Also in southern Japan (Ref. 637). Reported from India (Ref. 45255).
Diagnosis:  Vertebrae: 155-157. Body pale, almost white, with dark snout (Ref. 48635) and distinctive marking on back of head. Description: Characterized by head length 9.5-11 in TL; body depth 24-30 in TL; dorsal fin origin above posterior edge of pectoral fins; length of pectoral fin, 3-4 in head length; single row of slender, curved conical teeth in jaws and on vomer (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Inhabits muddy to sandy inshore areas and occasionally forages in the open at night (Ref. 637). Burrowing species (Ref. 75154). Caught rarely with gill net from the muddy shallow bottoms of Ryukyu Islands (Ref. 637). Nocturnally active (Ref 90102).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 08.02.93
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 06.04.15
Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 17.08.94

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