Mistichthys luzonensis Smith, 1902
Mistichthys luzonensis
photo by Sy, E.Y.

Family:  Gobiidae (Gobies), subfamily: Gobionellinae
Max. size:  2.5 cm TL (male/unsexed); max. reported age: 2 years
Environment:  demersal; depth range 0 - 12 m, non-migratory
Distribution:  Asia: found only in the Philippines in Lakes Buhi, Bato, Katugday and Manapao in Camarines Sur Province and along the Bicol River system. Threatened due to overfishing and predation by introduced fish species.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 4-4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6-8; Anal spines: 1-1; Anal soft rays: 8-10. Fresh specimens transparent, with large eyes showing the only color, black. Males smaller than females, shorter and more slender. Head naked; body covered with deciduous scales. Scales in longitudinal series 23-24; in transverse series 6. Sides and back of head with few dark or black spots.
Biology:  Adults occur from the shoreline to depths of at least 12 m. Caught with collapsible Y-shaped push-nets (sakag); also aggregated using a device (abung) wherein the fish comes to rest upon palm leaves and are then harvested using triangular nets (sarap). Sinarapan is a delicacy and of great economic importance to the communities around the lakes. Listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as 'smallest food fish' (Ref. 6472).
IUCN Red List Status: Lower Risk: conservation dependent (LR/cd); Date assessed: 01 August 1996 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 28.01.92
Modified by: Labatos, Bonifacio - 22.11.10
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 11.05.94

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