Lethrinus crocineus Smith, 1959
Yellowtail emperor
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Lethrinidae (Emperors or scavengers), subfamily: Lethrininae
Max. size:  60 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 5 - 150 m, non-migratory
Distribution:  Western Indian Ocean: Natal, South Africa to the Seychelles and Sri Lanka, possibly more widespread. Has previously been synonymized with Lethrinus mahsena which is now regarded as a separate species.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 10-10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Description: Inner surface of the pectoral fin is densely scaled. The posterior angle of the operculum is fully scaled or sometimes with a wide scaleless area. Color of the body is tan or yellowish; the head is brown. The base of scales are sometimes black. Fins are pale or yellowish; the edge of the dorsal fin is reddish or yellowish (Ref. 2295). Body depth 2.3-2.8 in SL. Moderately short snout, 1.9-2.1 in HL. Supratemporal patch 6-8 scales. Pectoral fin axil scaled densely (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Solitarily found in coastal waters trawling grounds and coral reef areas (Ref. 2295, 90102). Marketed fresh (Ref. 171).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 21 August 2018 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 10.11.90
Modified by: Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz - 16.04.13
Checked by: Carpenter, Kent E. - 30.06.93

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