Haemulon squamipinna Rocha & Rosa, 1999
photo by Bertoncini, A.A.

Family:  Haemulidae (Grunts), subfamily: Haemulinae
Max. size:  11.5 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; depth range 2 - 30 m
Distribution:  Southwest Atlantic: Brazil, from off Fortaleza to the coast of MaceiĆ³.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 12-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-9. Distinguished from all other species of Haemulon by the following combination of characters: a black blotch below the free edge of the preopercle; pectoral fins entirely scaled, except along edge; scale rows below lateral line parallel to long axis of body; lower half of head silvery-white, lacking stripes; fins yellow; body silvery-white with 10-12 yellow stripes, the midlateral the broadest.
Biology:  Typically occurs in reefs, at depths of 2-30 m where it forms large schools during the day. Smaller schools, with less then 100 individuals, mostly juveniles, are seen on shallow reefs (2-6 m). At night the schools disperse to feed (Ref. 37051).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 22.02.01
Modified by: Froese, Rainer - 22.02.01

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