Galeus priapus Séret & Last, 2008
Galeus priapus
photo by MNHN

Family:  Pentanchidae (Deepwater catsharks)
Max. size:  44.6 cm TL (male/unsexed); 38.8 cm (female)
Environment:  benthopelagic; marine; depth range 620 - 830 m
Distribution:  Pacific Western Central: New Caledonia and Vanuatu. Known from the marginal slopes off southern New Caledonia, south of the Loyalty Islands Ridge and north of the Norfolk Ridge in 620–830 m depth and off Espiritu Santo Island (Vanuatu) in 262–352m depth (Ref. 76879).
Diagnosis:  A small, slender Galeus with the following combination of characters: claspers extremely long and slender in adult males, distal tips extending to near anal origin or beyond, their outer length 9.2–11.2% TL, 7.2–8.7 times base width; clasper without hooks or spiny denticles; exorhipidion greatly elongated, about 4 times spiracle length when fully developed; anterior inner margin of pelvic fin not fused to clasper; anal fin relatively small, length 9.8–12.0% TL; posterior anal-fin margin 4.7–5.9% TL, 1.4–1.8 in anterior margin of second dorsal fin; prepectoral length relatively short, about 17.8–19.4 %TL; labial furrows moderately long, not confined to mouth corners; enlarged denticle crest of upper caudal fin originating almost over origin of ventral caudal lobe, no abrupt demarcation between denticles of crest and those of caudal peduncle; denticles forming 2–5 central rows of denticles between larger oblique lateral rows near crest origin; no subcaudal crest; anterior margin of pectoral fin black; anterior half of dorsal fins almost entirely dark or dusky; precaudal centra 81–86 (Ref. 76879).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 19 June 2017 Ref. (130435)
Threat to humans:  harmless
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