Enteromius macrops (Boulenger, 1911)
Blackstripe barb
Enteromius macrops
photo by Mody, K.

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Cyprininae
Max. size:  16.9 cm SL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 8.0 g
Environment:  benthopelagic, potamodromous
Distribution:  Africa: widely distributed in savannah area of West Africa (Ref. 2801), including Chad basin (Ref. 2801, 2940, 81282), Niger, Volta, Mono, Ouémé, Gambia, Senegal and other coastal basins (Ref. 2940, 81282). Also known from the Kotto River, Ubangi River drainage, middle Congo River basin (Ref. 12818).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-11; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Diagnosis: last simple dorsal-fin ray smooth on hind margin; scale formula 3.5/23-28/3.5; 2.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 12 scales around caudal peduncle; 8 branched dorsal fin rays; two unequal pairs of barbels; anterior barbel not reaching to anterior margin of eye; posterior barbel not extending beyond centre of eye/reaching to, or extending beyond, posterior half of eye; lateral line complete and straight or slightly depressed below dorsal fin; maximum reported size 70 mm SL; tip of dorsal fin black and dark longitudinal band along middle of sides (Ref. 2940, 81282). Description: medium-sized species; dorsal profile slightly convex; snout pointed, mouth subterminal; lines of cephalic pores well visible on head; D: III,8; A: III,5; P:14-16; V: I,7 (Ref. 2940, 81282). Coloration: live specimens are greenish-brown on back, silvery on sides and pale on belly; black longitudinal band runs along middle of sides and continues forward unto snout; dorsal and caudal fins orange, other fins yellow-orange; black spot at tip of dorsal fin, variable in size with populations (extending over upper third of fin or more reduced); in preserved specimens, lateral-line scales on back, lined with melanophores (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Biology:  Affinities: B. deserti (dorsal spot not covering tip of fin) (Ref. 2940).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 01 May 2009 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 05.03.91
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 02.05.16
Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 30.08.94

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