Enteromius eutaenia (Boulenger, 1904)
Orangefin barb
photo by Mertens, P.

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Cyprininae
Max. size:  14 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5, potamodromous
Distribution:  Africa: Ruanda-Urundi rivers, rivers of eastern highlands of Zimbabwe and the Transvaal escarpment (Ref. 2801), Cunene, Cuanza, Okavango (Ref. 11970, 52193, 120641), Zambezi (Ref. 52193, 120641), east coast systems south to the Incomati (Komati) system and Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 52193). In the Congo system in the the upper Lualaba (Ref. 41590), Lake Mweru (Ref. 11970, 41590), Luapula system (Ref. 27609, 41590), Bangweulu-Chambesi (Ref. 42135, 95585) and upper Kasai (Ref. 41590). Report from Lake Nyassa (Ref. 11970, based on Greenwood 1962) needs confirmation.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 3-3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 5-6. Description: robust species; enlarged scales forming a sheat at the base of the dorsal fin; serrated dorsal spine present (Ref. 75045). Coloration: yellow or orange tinted fins; broad, heavy, black midlateral stripe present, extending through the operculum and to the tip of the snout (Ref. 75045).
Biology:  Favors clear-flowing waters, usually headwater streams with rocky habitats; feeds on insects (Ref. 7248, 52193). Known to ascend tributaries and move only onto floodplains in rainy season (Ref. 13337).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 19 July 2018 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 23.06.94
Modified by: Geelhand, Dimitri - 30.08.13
Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 29.07.94

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