Anodontostoma chacunda (Hamilton, 1822)
Chacunda gizzard shad
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens), subfamily: Dorosomatinae
Max. size:  22 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m, anadromous
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to coasts of India and Andaman Sea, to Gulf of Thailand, Indonesia, Viet Nam, and Philippines, south to northern Australia, the Caroline Islands and New Caledonia.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 17-25. Body depth increasing with size of fish, 40 to 70 % standard length in fishes over 10 cm. Second supra-maxilla a mere splint. Longest gill rakers on lower part of arch less than corresponding gill filaments. Hind edges of scales toothed, the teeth thinner than the gaps between them; a median series of pre-dorsal scales. A large black spot behind gill opening.
Biology:  Pelagic inshore (Ref. 68964). Usually marine coastal, but ascends rivers to the upper tidal zone (Ref. 12693). Occurs inshore and also in estuaries. Feeds on diatoms, radiolarians, mollusks, copepods, and crustaceans (in that order of importance, at least in the Godavari estuary). Breeds from November to February, mainly in the later part (Godavari estuary). Marketed fresh, frozen, dried, dried-salted or boiled. Made into fish balls.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 06 March 2017 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 30.10.15
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 26.07.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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