Ecology of Micropogonias furnieri
Main Ref. Isaac, V.J., 1988
Remarks Found over muddy and sandy bottoms in coastal waters and in estuaries where the nursery and feeding grounds are located. Adults form schools. Feeding habits vary with ontogenic development and season; juveniles feed on benthic migratory crustaceans and sessile boring mollusks while adults are benthos-feeders and occasionally capture fish (Ref. 27). Juveniles <10 cm TL ate prey items almost as large as their mouth opening, whereas juveniles >10 cm TL were capable of consuming larger prey items than those in their stomachs, indicating that the maximum size of prey eaten was not constrained by mouth gape (Ref. 55704). Undergoes seasonal migration.

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Micropogonias furnieri may be found.


Substrate Soft Bottom
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Isaac, V.J., 1988
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Isaac, V.J., 1988
Trophic Level(s)
Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.09 0.11 3.21 0.39 Troph of juv./adults from 3 studies.
From individual food items 3.27 0.44 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref. Sierra, L.M., R. Claro and O.A. Popova, 1994
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
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