Ecology of Esmaeilius vladykovi
Main Ref. Keivany, Y. and N.M. Soofiani, 2004
Remarks Collected from an altitude of approximately 2,380 meters on a small plain between high ranges at the easternmost edge of the Zagros Mountains; from a large pool in the upper reaches of the Karun River basin which drains to the head of the Persian Gulf; shallow water at about 4 cm depth; cloudy water over mud and pebbles; with Myriophyllum (Ref. 38795) and Potamogeton sp. which are the dominant aquatic plants used as spawning substrate (Ref. 54276). Not a seasonal killifish (Ref. 27139). Commonly found in freshwater with conductivity of 240-280 ┬ÁS (in aquaria they survived salinities up to 30 ppt) (Ref. 54276).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Esmaeilius vladykovi may be found.


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Keivany, Y. and N.M. Soofiani, 2004
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref.
Trophic Level(s)
Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 3.17 0.38 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
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