Ecology of Symphodus cinereus
 
Main Ref. Bell, J.D. and M.L. Harmelin-Vivien, 1983
Remarks

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Symphodus cinereus may be found.

Habitat

Substrate Soft Bottom
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Bell, J.D. and M.L. Harmelin-Vivien, 1983
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Bell, J.D. and M.L. Harmelin-Vivien, 1983

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.54 0.14 3.24 0.43 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
From individual food items 3.30 0.42 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref. Bell, J.D. and M.L. Harmelin-Vivien, 1983
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 06.28.02
Modified by Luna, Susan M. on 03.23.15
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