Ecology of Alosa aestivalis
 
Main Ref. Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Alosa aestivalis may be found.
Remarks Euryhaline, anadromous, possibly wintering near the bottom and out from the coast, approaching the shore in late spring. Feeds opportunistically on fauna other than zooplankton (Ref. 5722). Parasite of the species is known to be Echinorhynchus acus (acanthocephalan) (Ref. 5951).

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Davis, B.M. and J.W. Foltz, 1991
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Davis, B.M. and J.W. Foltz, 1991
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.81 0.26 3.50 0.26 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Bowman, R.E., C.E. Stillwell, W.L. Michaels and M.D. Grosslein, 2000
From individual food items 3.42 0.42 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. on 10.19.90
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 07.18.07
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 05.10.01
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