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Centropogon australis  (White, 1790)

Eastern fortescue
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Image of Centropogon australis (Eastern fortescue)
Centropogon australis
Picture by Banks, I.


Australia country information

Common names: Eastern fortescue, Eastern fortesque, Fortescue
Occurrence: endemic
Salinity: brackish
Abundance: common (usually seen) | Ref: Poss, S.G., 1999
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Found from Bundaberg (QLD) to the Gippsland Lakes (Victoria) (Ref. 34095); reaching Dunwich, Moreton Bay (S Qld) (Ref. 39597). Recorded from ballast water in commercial vessels travelling between Newcastle and Port Hedland, NSW (Ref. 37896). Also Ref. 4537, 4716, 7300, 34095.
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Johnson, J.W., 1999
National Database:

Common names from other countries

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Tetrarogidae (Wasp fishes)
Etymology: Centropogon: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pogon = beard (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 34095).   Subtropical; 25°S - 38°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Queensland to Victoria, Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4690)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 15 - 16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 5; Vertebrae: 26 - 27. Presence of a large horizontal spine below the eye, a dorsal fin which originates just behind the posterior edge of the eye, and venomous dorsal spines.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in seagrass beds in estuaries (extremely common during reproductive season in the austral Spring) and coastal bays, and sponge gardens on inshore reefs. Venomous dorsal spines often inflict a painful sting to fishers (Ref. 34095, 39597). Of no commercial importance but often entrapped in fishing gears such as trawls and can be dangerous to fishermen who attempt to remove these (Ref. 39597).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 4716)




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.6 - 24.2, mean 20.7 (based on 105 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .