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Chlamydoselachus anguineus  Garman, 1884

Frilled shark
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Image of Chlamydoselachus anguineus (Frilled shark)
Chlamydoselachus anguineus
Picture by JAMARC


Australia country information

Common names: Frill shark, Frilled shark, Frill-gilled shark
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Known from off Brush Is. N.S.W. (Ref. 7300). Also Ref. 247, 559.
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen, 2006
National Database:

Classification / Names

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Hexanchiformes (Frill and cow sharks) > Chlamydoselachidae (Frilled sharks)
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26346)

Length at first maturity
Lm ?, range 135 - 150 cm

Environment

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 0 - 1570 m (Ref. 10290), usually 120 - 1280 m (Ref. 247)

Climate / Range

Deep-water; 74°N - 58°S, 169°W - 180°E (Ref. 84631)

Distribution

Wide-ranging but with patchy distribution. Western Indian Ocean: off South Africa. Western Pacific: off Japan to New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to northern Chile. Eastern Atlantic: northern Norway to northern Namibia, possibly the eastern Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Three specimens have been recorded from the western Atlantic (Ref. 13608).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0; Vertebrae: 146 - 171. Eel-like shark with 6 gill slits, the lower ends of the first gill slits connected t each other across throat (Ref. 247). Dark brown or grey in color, sometimes paler below (Ref. 26346). Dorsal fin small and lobe-like originating over pelvic fin bases to behind anal fin origin (Ref. 6871). Anal fin larger than dorsal fin (Ref. 6871). Pectoral fins small and paddle-shaped (Ref. 6871). Caudal fin with weak ventral lobe and without subterminal notch (Ref. 6871). Terminal mouth with tricuspid teeth in both jaws (Ref. 247).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

An uncommon primitive shark (Ref. 26346) found on outer continental and insular shelves and upper slopes, usually between 120 and 1,280 m but occasionally caught at the surface (Ref. 247). Feeds on other sharks, squid and bony fish (Ref. 26346). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449), litter size ranges from 2 to 10 (Ref. 37390). Not dangerous but teeth are sharp enough to inflict lacerations on the hands of the unwary scientist examining its mouth (Ref. 247). Incidental in bottom trawl catches and utilized as fishmeal and as food fish (Ref. 247).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 247)



Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
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Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 1.0156 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
4.2   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=2)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Very high vulnerability (82 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown