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Myripristis murdjan  (Forsskål, 1775)

Pinecone soldierfish
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Image of Myripristis murdjan (Pinecone soldierfish)
Myripristis murdjan
Picture by Moldzio, S.


Australia country information

Common names: Blotcheye soldierfish, Crimson soldierfish, Crimson squirrelfish
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Reported from the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Ref. 75154). Museum: Coral Sea, Portlock Reef, AMS I.33750-013. Great Barrier Reef, Capricorn Grp., One Tree I., AMS I.5638-003. Lizard I., AMS I.19473-098. Raine I., AMS I.20912-015. Western Australia, Ashmore Reef, AMS I.33738-010, I.33739-043. Rowley Shoals, WAM P.28031-010. Monte Bello Is., WAM P.287980-001. Including Chesterfield Is. (Coral Sea), BPBM 33753 (Ref. 12419). Also Ref. 1602, 33390, 90102.
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Randall, J.E. and D.W. Greenfield, 1996
National Database:

Common names from other countries

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Myripristinae
Etymology: Myripristis: Greek, myros, -ou = male of morey eel + Greek, pristis = saw (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 50 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 30°N - 35°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea (including the Gulf of Oman) and East Africa to Oceania.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 17.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 240); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15; Anal spines: 4; Anal soft rays: 11 - 14. Body color silvery pink; edge of scales red; opercular margin black; all fins red; submarginal band in each caudal fin lobe; leading edges of median fins white. Inner pectoral axil with numerous small scales. Differs from M. amaena by possessing prominent white leading edges on its soft dorsal, anal, and tail fins, and from M. berndti by having a deep red spinous dorsal fin (Ref. 1602).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occur in reef flats and shallow lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 12419). Benthopelagic in or near crevices and caves (Ref. 58302). Mainly nocturnal. Feed mainly on plankton such as crab larvae (Ref. 12419). Secretive, hovering under ledges and in caves (Ref. 37816). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 240).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 240).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and D.W. Greenfield, 1996. Revision of the Indo-Pacific holocentrid fishes of the genus Myripristis, with descriptions of three new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (25):61 p. (Ref. 12419)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690)




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1080 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.01015 - 0.02841), b=3.08 (2.94 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.