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Chelidonichthys kumu  (Cuvier, 1829)

Bluefin gurnard
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Chelidonichthys kumu   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chelidonichthys kumu (Bluefin gurnard)
Chelidonichthys kumu
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Australia country information

Common names: Bluefin gurnard, Flying fish, Flying gurnard
Occurrence: native
Salinity: brackish
Abundance: common (usually seen) | Ref: Gomon, M.F., C.J.M. Glover and R.H. Kuiter (eds.), 1994
Importance: subsistence fisheries | Ref: Gomon, M.F., C.J.M. Glover and R.H. Kuiter (eds.), 1994
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Distributed around southern Australia from Shark Bay (WA) to southern Queensland, including Tasmania and Lord Howe Island (Ref. 33616). Commercial fishery: Not fished commercially although those caught in bottom trawls and sometimes with hook and line are of excellent quality (Ref. 33839).
National Checklist:
Country Information:
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell, 1986
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Triglidae (Searobins) > Triglinae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4316); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9258); max. published weight: 1.5 kg (Ref. 9988); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 9072)

Length at first maturity
Lm 23.0  range ? - ? cm


Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 200 m (Ref. 4316), usually 75 - 150 m (Ref. 33616)

Climate / Range

Subtropical; 34°N - 43°S, 15°E - 154°W


Indo-West Pacific: Delagoa Bay, Mozambique to the Cape, South Africa; common in Australia and New Zealand and reported from Japan and Korea. Also reported from Hong Kong (Ref. 12086).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 14 - 16; Vertebrae: 33 - 35. Olive or brownish in color, becomes red when stressed; lower half of the inner part of pectoral fin with large black blotch surrounded by numerous pale spots (Ref. 9771).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found from estuaries to edge of continental shelves over sand and sandy shell seabed (Ref. 9258). Reported to be often found in rivers (Ref. 4316). Juveniles may occur in bays (Ref. 33616). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Dorsal spine reported to be venomous (Ref. 9771). Neither anterolateral glandular grooves nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406). Current information in the table (dangerous fish) do not match; needs verification. Excellent food fish (Ref. 9771). Utilized fresh and frozen; eaten pan-fried, broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 9771)

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial

More information

Common names
Egg development
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | BOLDSystems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5010 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.7   ±0.57 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.4-0.6; tm=2-3; tmax=15;)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high