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Sargocentron caudimaculatum  (Rüppell, 1838)

Silverspot squirrelfish
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Sargocentron caudimaculatum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sargocentron caudimaculatum (Silverspot squirrelfish)
Sargocentron caudimaculatum
Picture by Field, R.


Australia country information

Common names: Silverspot squirrelfish, Tailspot squirrelfish, Whitetail squirrelfish
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Known from the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Ref. 75154). Museum: Western Australia, Scott Reef, AMS I.21318-018; NTM S.11371-003. Queensland, off Cape Melville, AMS I.20755-006; Great Barrier Reef, Raine I., AMS I.20756-024; Escape Reef, AMS I.22574-009, NTM S.10474-003; One Tree I., AMS I.15684-003 (Ref. 27370). Also Ref. 7300, 33390, 90102.
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4201); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3418)

Environment

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 40 m (Ref. 27370)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 32°N - 24°S

Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (south to the latitude of the Xora River, South Africa) to the Marshall Islands and French Polynesia, north to Japan, south to Australia.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15; Anal spines: 4; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Head and body red, edges of scales silver; silvery white spot anterodorsally on caudal peduncle (often disappears after death); spinous part of dorsal fin mottled light red, the outer part of the membranes bright red (Ref. 4201). 4-5 oblique rows of scales on cheek. Body depth 2.3-2.7 in SL; head length 2.3-2.8 in SL; snout length 3.6-4.0 in head length. Maxilla extending posteriorly from front of pupil to the center of eye; upper jaw length 2.7-2.95 in head length; premaxillary groove reaching about front edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone with 2 short diverging spines; spine at edge of premaxillary groove absent; anterior edge of nasal fossa with 1 (rarely 2) spinule; upper edge of first suborbital bone not serrated (Ref. 27370).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

One of the most common of the squirrelfishes that occurs in outer reef areas, also encountered in lagoons and drop-offs from less than 2 to 40 m; either solitary or in groups (Ref. 27370). Nocturnal, feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 2334)



Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial

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Internet sources

BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.9   ±0.67 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low vulnerability (19 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Medium