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Scomberoides tol  (Cuvier, 1832)

Needlescaled queenfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Scomberoides tol   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scomberoides tol (Needlescaled queenfish)
Scomberoides tol
Picture by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.


Australia country information

Common names: Needlescaled queenfish, Needleskin queenfish, Queenfish
Occurrence: native
Salinity: brackish
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Known from Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia to Brisbane, Queensland incl. the NW shelf, the N coast & the Gulf of Carpentaria, the NE coast & the Great Barrier Reef (Ref. 7300). Museum: LPPL JIF218 (TGT1260). Also Ref. 5978.
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Johnson, J.W., 1999
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Scomberoidinae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3197); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. published weight: 510.00 g (Ref. 40637)

Length at first maturity
Lm 26.0  range ? - ? cm

Environment

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 50 m (Ref. 28016)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 26°C - 29°C (Ref. 4959)

Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: widespread throughout the Indian Ocean from Natal, South Africa northward and from Japan south to Australia and east to Fiji.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 7 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 19-21; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 18 - 20. Dorsally bluish, ventrally silver or white, with 5-8 vertically oblong or oval black spots5-8, the first 4-5 intersect the lateral line, dorsal fin lobe black outer half (Ref. 3197, 90105). Body strongly compressed, oblong and elliptical, dorsal and ventral profiles equally convex. In adults, upper jaw extends to posterior edge of pupil. Soft rays of posterior dorsal and anal fins consist of semi-detached finlets (Ref. 90102).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found near the surface in coastal waters (Ref. 30573), in small schools. They feed on fishes (Ref. 5213). Dorsal and anal fins may carry toxins (Ref. 12484). Generally marketed fresh, may be dried or salted (Ref. 5284).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 12484)



Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
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Genetics
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Heritability
Diseases
Processing
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Ciguatera
Speed
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Otoliths
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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5625 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
4.1   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.98)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low vulnerability (24 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Medium