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Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus  (Rüppell, 1837)

Bluestripe herring
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Image of Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Bluestripe herring)
Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Australia country information

Common names: Bluestripe herring, Fourspot herring, Goldspot herring
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Known from Onslow, Western Australia and Murray Is. to Michaelmas Cay, Qld. (Ref. 7300). Also Ref. 33390, 90102.
National Checklist:
Country Information:
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen, 2006
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)

Length at first maturity
Lm 10.1, range 7 - 17 cm


Marine; freshwater; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 13 m (Ref. 58302)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 39°N - 33°S, 29°E - 166°W (Ref. 188)


Indo-Pacific: widespread, East Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius eastward to Japan, eastern Australia, Samoa. Introduced into Hawaii - apparently by accident - where it is now abundant. (most previous data published under the name Herklotsichthys punctatus). At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-21; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12 - 23. Elongate wing-like scales underneath paired pre-dorsal scales separate it from all other species except H. koningsbergeri and Herklotsichthys Species A, which have prominent black spots on the flank, and Herklotsichthys Species B, which has dusky tips to dorsal and caudal fins and more lower gill rakers. Flank silvery with an electric blue line preceded by two orange spots located on each operculum.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults form schools near mangroves, shallow coastal bays and lagoons during the day and moves further offshore into deeper water by night (Ref. 188, 48635). Known in mills around in large schools under wharves or along sandy beaches in protected bays (Ref. 26367). Are pelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeding occurs mainly at night on zooplankton, chiefly copepods by juveniles, and as adults, on larger prey organisms (chaetognaths, polychaetes, shrimps and small fishes). Breeding occurs on the first year and probably survive only a few months after maturity. Marketed fresh and dried salted (Ref. 188). Usually parceled in leaves and baked in a motu oven. Do not recover quite as quickly as other species of baitfish after heavy fishing (Ref. 26367).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Potential pest (Ref. 6362)

Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually

More information

Common names
Egg development
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5002 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.6   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=2.6)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low vulnerability (15 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)