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Erosa erosa  (Cuvier, 1829)

Pitted stonefish
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Image of Erosa erosa (Pitted stonefish)
Erosa erosa
Picture by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.


Australia country information

Common names: Daruma stinger, Monkeyfish, Pacific monkeyfish
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: common (usually seen) | Ref: Poss, S.G., 1999
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Ranges from North West Cape to Darwin (Ref. 5978); also reported from eastern Australia south to New South Wales (Ref. 39597). Museum: WAM P.26197-021 (Ref. 3131). Also Ref. 90102.
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Johnson, J.W., 1999
National Database:

Common names from other countries

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Synanceiidae (Stonefishes) > Synanceiinae
Etymology: Erosa: Latin, erosus, erodere = having the margin irregularly denticulated as if bitten by an animal (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 90 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: known from scattered location from southern Japan to northern Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3132)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 5 - 6.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits trawling grounds (Ref. 57406). Benthic (Ref. 75154). Anterolateral glandular grooves with venom gland (Ref. 57406).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. and R. Swainston, 1988. The marine fishes of north-western Australia: a field guide for anglers and divers. Western Australian Museum, Perth. 201 p. (Ref. 3132)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 57406)




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22 - 28.8, mean 27.4 (based on 752 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00705 - 0.04695), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .