List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Paraguay
(landlocked)

n = 281
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Table 1: 261 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 12 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 8 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 281 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 261 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Characiformes Anostomidae Abramites hypselonotusnative Marbled headstander Per-dofolha 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Ageneiosus inermisnative Manduba  
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Ageneiosus militarisnative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Anadoras weddelliinative  Iagivá 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ancistrus dubiusnative  Pirambocaya 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ancistrus hoplogenysnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ancistrus piraretanative  Pirambocaya 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ancistrus piriformisnative  Pirambocaya 
Characiformes Parodontidae Apareiodon affinisnative Darter characine Piki 
Characiformes Characidae Aphyocharax anisitsinative Bloodfin tetra  
Characiformes Characidae Aphyocharax dentatusnative   
Characiformes Characidae Aphyocharax nattererinative   
Characiformes Characidae Aphyocharax rathbuninative Redflank bloodfin  
Perciformes Cichlidae Apistogramma borelliinative Umbrella cichlid  
Perciformes Cichlidae Apistogramma commbraenative Corumba cichlid  
Perciformes Cichlidae Apistogramma trifasciatanative   
Gymnotiformes Apteronotidae Apteronotus albifronsnative Black ghost  
Perciformes Cichlidae Astronotus crassipinnisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax asuncionensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax eigenmanniorumnative   
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax paraguayensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax pellegrininative   
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Auchenipterus nigripinnisnative   
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Auchenipterus osteomystaxnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Australoheros guaraninative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias monstrosusnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias nigripinnisnative Blackfin pearlfish  
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias paranaensisnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias patriciaenative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias vandenberginative   
Characiformes Characidae Brachychalcinus retrospinanative   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus beebeinative   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus draconative   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus gauderionative   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatusnative   
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon hilariinative   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus exodonnative   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus stramineusnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Bujurquina vittatanative Banded acara  
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Bunocephalus doriaenative   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Callichthys callichthysnative Cascarudo  
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Catathyridium jenynsiinative  Lenguado 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Catathyridium lorentziinative  Lenguado 
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Cetopsis gobioidesnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Chaetobranchopsis australisnative   
Characiformes Crenuchidae Characidium etzelinative   
Characiformes Crenuchidae Characidium lateralenative   
Characiformes Characidae Charax leticiaenative   
Characiformes Characidae Charax stenopterusnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Cichla piquitiintroduced   
Perciformes Cichlidae Cichlasoma dimerusnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Cichlasoma pusillumendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Cnesterodon raddainative   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras aeneusnative Bronze corydoras  
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras aurofrenatusnative   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras diphyesnative   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras ellisaenative   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras hastatusnative Dwarf corydoras  
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras paleatusnative Peppered corydoras  
Characiformes Characidae Creagrutus meridionalisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Creagrutus paraguayensisnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla gillmorlisinative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla lepidotanative Pike cichlid  
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla mandelburgerinative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla niederleiniinative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla semifasciatanative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla vittatanative   
Characiformes Characidae Ctenobrycon alleninative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Curimatella dorsalisnative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Curimatopsis myersinative   
Characiformes Characidae Cynopotamus argenteusnative   
Characiformes Characidae Cynopotamus kincaidinative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax gilliinative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax modestusnative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax platanusnative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax saladensisnative Rosy curimata  
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax spilotusnative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax voganative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp  
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Eigenmannia trilineatanative   
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Eigenmannia virescensnative Glass knifefish  
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Epapterus dispilurusnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Farlowella hahninative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Farlowella paraguayensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Galeocharax humeralisnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus balzaniinative Argentine humphead  
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus caaguazuensisnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus setequedasnative   
Gymnotiformes Rhamphichthyidae Gymnorhamphichthys britskiinative   
Gymnotiformes Rhamphichthyidae Gymnorhamphichthys rondoninative   
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus caraponative Banded knifefish  
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus inaequilabiatusnative   
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus pantanalnative   
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus paraguensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Hemigrammus durbinaenative   
Characiformes Characidae Hemigrammus lunatusnative   
Characiformes Characidae Hemigrammus mahnertinative   
Characiformes Characidae Hemigrammus tridensnative   
Characiformes Hemiodontidae Hemiodus orthonopsnative   
Characiformes Hemiodontidae Hemiodus semitaeniatusnative Halfline hemiodus  
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Hemisorubim platyrhynchosnative Porthole shovelnose catfish  
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Heptapterus mustelinusnative   
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Homodiaetus anisitsinative   
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplias malabaricusnative Trahira  
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Hoplosternum littoralenative Atipa  
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon anisitsinative Buenos Aires tetra  
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon arianaenative   
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon elachysnative   
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon equesnative Jewel tetra  
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon guaraninative   
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon luetkeniinative   
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon procerusnative   
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon pytainative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypoptopoma inexspectatumnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus boulengerinative  Cascarudo 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus cochliodonnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus commersoninative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus dlouhyinative  Cascarudo 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus latifronsnative  Cascarudo 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus latirostrisnative  Cascarudo 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus microstomusnative  Cascarudo 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus piratatunative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus reganinative  Cascarudo 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus ternetzinative  Cascarudo 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Iheringichthys labrosusnative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Iheringichthys megalopsendemic   
Characiformes Characidae Knodus moenkhausiinative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Laetacara dorsigeranative Redbreast acara Cará-bobo 
Lepidosireniformes Lepidosirenidae Lepidosiren paradoxanative South American lungfish  
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporellus vittatusnative   
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus obtusidensnative   
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus striatusnative   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Lepthoplosternum pectoralenative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricaria apeltogasternative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricaria luciaenative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricaria simillimanative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricariichthys labialisnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricariichthys platymetoponnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricariichthys rostratusnative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Luciopimelodus patinative Pati  
Characiformes Characidae Markiana nigripinnisnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Megalancistrus parananusnative   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Megalechis thoracatanative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Megalonema pauciradiatumendemic   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Megalonema platanumnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Melanorivulus punctatusnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Mesonauta festivusnative Flag cichlid  
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Metynnis molanative   
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Metynnis otuquensisnative   
Siluriformes Pseudopimelodidae Microglanis carlaenative   
Characiformes Characidae Mimagoniates barberinative   
Characiformes Characidae Mixobrycon ribeiroinative   
Characiformes Characidae Moenkhausia australenative   
Characiformes Characidae Moenkhausia dichrouranative Bandtail tetra  
Characiformes Characidae Moenkhausia intermedianative   
Characiformes Characidae Moenkhausia sanctaefilomenaenative Redeye tetra  
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Myloplus levisnative   
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Myloplus tietenative   
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Mylossoma duriventrenative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Neofundulus ornatipinnisnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Neofundulus paraguayensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Odontostilbe paraguayensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Odontostilbe pequiranative   
Characiformes Characidae Oligosarcus oligolepisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Oligosarcus paranensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Oligosarcus pintoinative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Ossancora eigenmanninative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Otocinclus mimulusnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Otocinclus vestitusnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Otocinclus vittatusnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Otothyropsis dialeukosnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Otothyropsis piribebuynative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Oxydoras knerinative  Itagua-pochih 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Papiliolebias bitterinative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Paraloricaria agastornative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Parapimelodus valenciennisnative   
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Paravandellia oxypteranative Pantanal parasitic catfish Sumbichuga 
Characiformes Parodontidae Parodon carrikerinative   
Characiformes Parodontidae Parodon nasusnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phalloceros caudimaculatusnative Dusky millions fish  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phalloceros harpagosnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phalloptychus januariusnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phallotorynus dispilosnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phallotorynus psittakosnative  Piky 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phallotorynus victoriaenative  Piky 
Characiformes Characidae Phenacogaster tegatusnative   
Characiformes Characidae Piabarchus analisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Piabarchus torrenticolanative   
Characiformes Characidae Piabina argenteanative   
Characiformes Iguanodectidae Piabucus melanostomanative   
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Piaractus mesopotamicusnative Pacu  
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella griffininative   
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella laticepsnative   
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella mucosaendemic   
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella parvaendemic   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pimelodus ornatusnative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pinirampus pirinampunative Flatwhiskered catfish  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Plagioscion ternetzinative Freshwater croaker Corvina 
Siluriformes Doradidae Platydoras armatulusnative Southern striped raphael Itagwa 
Characiformes Characidae Poptella paraguayensisnative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Potamorhina squamoralevisnative   
Beloniformes Belonidae Potamorrhaphis eigenmanninative   
Myliobatiformes Potamotrygonidae Potamotrygon brachyuranative Short-tailed river stingray  
Myliobatiformes Potamotrygonidae Potamotrygon falknerinative Largespot river stingray Raya 
Myliobatiformes Potamotrygonidae Potamotrygon motoronative South American freshwater stingray  
Myliobatiformes Potamotrygonidae Potamotrygon schuhmacherinative  Raya 
Characiformes Characidae Prionobrama paraguayensisnative   
Characiformes Prochilodontidae Prochilodus lineatusnative Streaked prochilod Sábalo 
Characiformes Curimatidae Psectrogaster curviventrisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Psellogrammus kennedyinative   
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Pseudobunocephalus iheringiinative   
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Pseudobunocephalus rugosusnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pseudohemiodon laticepsnative   
Siluriformes Pseudopimelodidae Pseudopimelodus mangurusnative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pseudoplatystoma corruscansnative Spotted sorubim  
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pseudoplatystoma reticulatumnative   
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Pterobunocephalus depressusnative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Pterodoras granulosusnative Granulated catfish Itagivá 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Pterolebias longipinnisnative Longfin killie  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys ambrosettiinative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys anisitsinative Snow pleco Guaimingué 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Pygocentrus nattererinative Red piranha  
Characiformes Lebiasinidae Pyrrhulina australisnative   
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia quelennative South American catfish Ñurundiá 
Characiformes Cynodontidae Rhaphiodon vulpinusnative Biara Pirayagua 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rhinelepis strigosanative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Rhinodoras dorbignyinative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria auratanative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria parvanative   
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides descalvadensisnative Parana scale-eating characin Dientudo 
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides microlepisnative  Dientudo 
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides prognathusnative  Dientudo 
Characiformes Bryconidae Salminus brasiliensisnative Dorado  
Perciformes Cichlidae Satanoperca pappaterranative Pantanal eartheater Pantanal eartheater 
Characiformes Anostomidae Schizodon isognathusnative   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Scleromystax macropterusnative Sailfin corydoras  
Siluriformes Scoloplacidae Scoloplax distolothrixnative   
Characiformes Characidae Serrapinnus calliurusnative   
Characiformes Characidae Serrapinnus heterodonnative   
Characiformes Characidae Serrapinnus krieginative   
Characiformes Characidae Serrapinnus microdonnative   
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Serrasalmus maculatusnative   
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Serrasalmus marginatusnative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Sorubim limanative Duckbill catfish  
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Spectrolebias chacoensisendemic   
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina biornatanative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina brevipinnanative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina conspersanative   
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Sternopygus macrurusnative Longtail knifefish  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Sturisoma robustumnative   
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Synbranchus marmoratusnative Marbled swamp eel  
Characiformes Characidae Tetragonopterus argenteusnative   
Characiformes Gasteropelecidae Thoracocharax stellatusnative Spotfin hatchetfish  
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Trachelyopterus albicruxnative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Trachydoras paraguayensisnative  Armado 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Trigonectes aplocheiloidesnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Trigonectes balzaniinative   
Characiformes Triportheidae Triportheus nematurusnative   
Characiformes Triportheidae Triportheus pantanensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Xenurobrycon macropusnative   
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Xyliphius barbatusnative   
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