List of Marine Fishes reported from Libya
n = 283
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Table 1: 280 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 1 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 2 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 283 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 280 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Perciformes Scombridae Acanthocybium solandrinative Wahoo  
Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser sturionative Sturgeon  
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Aetomylaeus bovinusnative Bull ray  
Perciformes Carangidae Alectis alexandrinanative Alexandria pompano  
Perciformes Carangidae Alepes djedabaintroduced Shrimp scad Saurou Asfar 
Lamniformes Alopiidae Alopias superciliosusnative Bigeye thresher  
Lamniformes Alopiidae Alopias vulpinusnative Thresher  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Alosa alosanative Allis shad  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Alosa fallaxnative Twaite shad  
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla anguillanative European eel  
Perciformes Serranidae Anthias anthiasnative Swallowtail seaperch  
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius fasciatusnative Mediterranean banded killifish  
Perciformes Apogonidae Apogon imberbisnative Cardinal fish  
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Arctozenus rissonative Spotted barracudina  
Osmeriformes Argentinidae Argentina sphyraenanative Argentine  
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Argyropelecus hemigymnusnative Half-naked hatchetfish  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Argyrosomus regiusnative Meagre  
Anguilliformes Congridae Ariosoma balearicumnative Bandtooth conger  
Pleuronectiformes Bothidae Arnoglossus kesslerinative Scaldback  
Pleuronectiformes Bothidae Arnoglossus laternanative Mediterranean scaldfish  
Pleuronectiformes Bothidae Arnoglossus thorinative Thor's scaldfish  
Atheriniformes Atherinidae Atherina boyerinative Big-scale sand smelt  
Atheriniformes Atherinidae Atherinomorus forskaliiintroduced Red Sea hardyhead silverside Namousa 
Aulopiformes Aulopidae Aulopus filamentosusnative Royal flagfin  
Perciformes Scombridae Auxis rocheinative Bullet tuna Matseti 
Perciformes Scombridae Auxis thazardnative Frigate tuna  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Bathytoshia centrouranative Roughtail stingray  
Beloniformes Belonidae Belone belonenative Garfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Benthosema glacialenative Glacier lantern fish  
Perciformes Sparidae Boops boopsnative Bogue Bougah 
Pleuronectiformes Bothidae Bothus podasnative Wide-eyed flounder  
Pleuronectiformes Soleidae Buglossidium luteumnative Solenette  
Perciformes Callanthiidae Callanthias rubernative Parrot seaperch  
Perciformes Callionymidae Callionymus maculatusnative   
Perciformes Carangidae Campogramma glaycosnative Vadigo  
Perciformes Caproidae Capros apernative Boarfish  
Perciformes Carangidae Caranx crysosnative Blue runner Sawro imbriali 
Perciformes Carangidae Caranx hipposnative Crevalle jack  
Perciformes Carangidae Caranx rhonchusnative False scad Sawro asfar 
Ophidiiformes Carapidae Carapus acusnative Pearl fish  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus brevipinnanative Spinner shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus limbatusnative Blacktip shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus plumbeusnative Sandbar shark  
Lamniformes Odontaspididae Carcharias taurusnative Sand tiger shark  
Lamniformes Lamnidae Carcharodon carchariasnative Great white shark  
Perciformes Sparidae Centracanthus cirrusnative Curled picarel  
Squaliformes Centrophoridae Centrophorus granulosusnative Gulper shark  
Squaliformes Centrophoridae Centrophorus uyatonative Little gulper shark  
Squaliformes Somniosidae Centroscymnus coelolepisnative Portuguese dogfish  
Perciformes Serranidae Cephalopholis taeniopsintroduced Bluespotted seabass  
Perciformes Cepolidae Cepola macrophthalmanative Red bandfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Ceratoscopelus maderensisnative Madeira lantern fish  
Lamniformes Cetorhinidae Cetorhinus maximusnative Basking shark  
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Chauliodus sloaninative Sloane's viperfish  
Scorpaeniformes Triglidae Chelidonichthys cuculusnative Red gurnard  
Scorpaeniformes Triglidae Chelidonichthys lastovizanative Streaked gurnard  
Scorpaeniformes Triglidae Chelidonichthys obscurusnative Longfin gurnard  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Chelon auratusnative Golden grey mullet  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Chelon labrosusnative Thicklip grey mullet  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Chelon ramadanative Thinlip grey mullet  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Chelon saliensnative Leaping mullet  
Aulopiformes Chlorophthalmidae Chlorophthalmus agassizinative Shortnose greeneye  
Perciformes Pomacentridae Chromis chromisnative Damselfish  
Gadiformes Macrouridae Coelorinchus caelorhincusnative Hollowsnout grenadier  
Anguilliformes Congridae Conger congernative European conger Grango 
Perciformes Labridae Coris julisnative Mediterranean rainbow wrasse  
Perciformes Sparidae Crenidens crenidensintroduced Karanteen seabream Sparus Masrry 
Perciformes Labridae Ctenolabrus rupestrisnative Goldsinny-wrasse  
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Cyclothone brauerinative Garrick  
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Cyclothone pygmaeanative   
Squaliformes Dalatiidae Dalatias lichanative Kitefin shark  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Dalophis imberbisnative Armless snake eel  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Dasyatis pastinacanative Common stingray Bugrah bahar 
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Dasyatis tortoneseinative Tortonese's stingray  
Perciformes Sparidae Dentex dentexnative Common dentex Tantun 
Perciformes Sparidae Dentex gibbosusnative Pink dentex Joghali 
Perciformes Sparidae Dentex macrophthalmusnative Large-eye dentex  
Perciformes Sparidae Dentex maroccanusnative Morocco dentex  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus holtinative Small lantern fish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Diaphus rafinesquiinative White-spotted lantern fish  
Perciformes Moronidae Dicentrarchus labraxnative European seabass Garous 
Perciformes Moronidae Dicentrarchus punctatusnative Spotted seabass  
Perciformes Sparidae Diplodus annularisnative Annular seabream Sbarus 
Perciformes Sparidae Diplodus cervinusnative Zebra seabream  
Perciformes Sparidae Diplodus puntazzonative Sharpsnout seabream  
Perciformes Sparidae Diplodus vulgarisnative Common two-banded seabream Garagous mwashim 
Rajiformes Rajidae Dipturus oxyrinchusnative Longnosed skate  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Echelus myrusnative Painted eel  
Perciformes Trachinidae Echiichthys viperanative Lesser weever  
Squaliformes Echinorhinidae Echinorhinus brucusnative Bramble shark  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Electrona rissonative Electric lantern fish  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Engraulis encrasicolusnative European anchovy  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus aeneusnative White grouper Mennani 
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus caninusnative Dogtooth grouper Khanzirah beida 
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus costaenative Goldblotch grouper Dooth 
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus marginatusnative Dusky grouper  
Squaliformes Etmopteridae Etmopterus spinaxnative Velvet belly  
Perciformes Scombridae Euthynnus alletteratusnative Little tunny  
Scorpaeniformes Triglidae Eutrigla gurnardusnative Grey gurnard  
Aulopiformes Evermannellidae Evermannella balbonative Balbo sabretooth  
Syngnathiformes Fistulariidae Fistularia commersoniiintroduced Bluespotted cornetfish Gaeta 
Gadiformes Lotidae Gaidropsarus biscayensisnative Mediterranean bigeye rockling  
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Galeorhinus galeusnative Tope shark  
Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae Galeus melastomusnative Blackmouth catshark  
Rhinopristiformes Glaucostegidae Glaucostegus cemiculusnative Blackchin guitarfish  
Anguilliformes Congridae Gnathophis mystaxnative Thinlip conger  
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobius bucchichinative Bucchich's goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobius nigernative Black goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobius paganellusnative Rock goby  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Gonichthys cocconative Cocco’s lanternfish  
Stomiiformes Gonostomatidae Gonostoma denudatumnative   
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Gouania willdenowinative Blunt-snouted clingfish  
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Gymnothorax unicolornative Brown moray  
Myliobatiformes Gymnuridae Gymnura altavelanative Spiny butterfly ray  
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Halobatrachus didactylusnative Lusitanian toadfish  
Scorpaeniformes Sebastidae Helicolenus dactylopterusnative Blackbelly rosefish  
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hemiramphus farintroduced Black-barred halfbeak Abo-meshfa 
Hexanchiformes Hexanchidae Heptranchias perlonative Sharpnose sevengill shark  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Herklotsichthys punctatusintroduced Spotback herring Sridna 
Hexanchiformes Hexanchidae Hexanchus griseusnative Bluntnose sixgill shark  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippocampus guttulatusnative Long-snouted seahorse  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippocampus hippocampusnative Short snouted seahorse  
Beryciformes Trachichthyidae Hoplostethus mediterraneusnative Mediterranean slimehead  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Hygophum benoitinative Benoit's lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Hygophum hygomiinative Bermuda lantern fish  
Gadiformes Macrouridae Hymenocephalus italicusnative Glasshead grenadier  
Perciformes Serranidae Hyporthodus haifensisnative Haifa grouper Khanzirah soda 
Stomiiformes Phosichthyidae Ichthyococcus ovatusnative Lightfish  
Perciformes Istiophoridae Istiophorus albicansnative Atlantic sailfish  
Lamniformes Lamnidae Isurus oxyrinchusnative Shortfin mako  
Perciformes Istiophoridae Kajikia albidanative Atlantic white marlin  
Perciformes Labridae Labrus merulanative Brown wrasse Abukheder 
Perciformes Labridae Labrus mixtusnative Cuckoo wrasse  
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Lagocephalus sceleratusintroduced Silver-cheeked toadfish  
Lamniformes Lamnidae Lamna nasusnative Porbeagle  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lampanyctus crocodilusnative Jewel lanternfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lampanyctus pusillusnative Pygmy lanternfish  
Perciformes Trichiuridae Lepidopus caudatusnative Silver scabbardfish Semta 
Scorpaeniformes Triglidae Lepidotrigla cavillonenative Large-scaled gurnard  
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Lestidiops pseudosphyraenoidesnative   
Perciformes Carangidae Lichia amianative Leerfish Strelia 
Perciformes Sparidae Lithognathus mormyrusnative Sand steenbras Mankus 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Liza carinataintroduced Keeled mullet Buri 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Lobianchia dofleininative Dofleini's lantern fish  
Perciformes Lobotidae Lobotes surinamensisnative Tripletail  
Lophiiformes Lophiidae Lophius budegassanative Blackbellied angler  
Lophiiformes Lophiidae Lophius piscatoriusnative Angler  
Lampriformes Lophotidae Lophotus lacepedenative Crested oarfish  
Stomiiformes Sternoptychidae Maurolicus muellerinative Silvery lightfish  
Gadiformes Merlucciidae Merluccius merlucciusnative European hake  
Pleuronectiformes Soleidae Microchirus ocellatusnative Foureyed sole  
Pleuronectiformes Soleidae Microchirus variegatusnative Thickback sole  
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Mobula mobularnative Devil fish  
Gadiformes Lotidae Molva macrophthalmanative Spanish ling  
Pleuronectiformes Soleidae Monochirus hispidusnative Whiskered sole  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalusnative Flathead grey mullet  
Perciformes Mullidae Mullus barbatus barbatusnative Red mullet  
Perciformes Mullidae Mullus surmuletusnative Surmullet Trelia hamra 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Muraena helenanative Mediterranean moray  
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Mustelus asteriasnative Starry smooth-hound Katat 
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Mustelus mustelusnative Smooth-hound Girsh 
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Mustelus punctulatusnative Blackspotted smooth-hound  
Perciformes Serranidae Mycteroperca rubranative Mottled grouper Dooth yahudi 
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Myctophum punctatumnative Spotted lanternfish  
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Myliobatis aquilanative Common eagle ray  
Perciformes Carangidae Naucrates ductornative Pilotfish Lalaja 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Nerophis ophidionnative Straightnose pipefish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Notoscopelus bolininative   
Perciformes Sparidae Oblada melanuranative Saddled seabream Kahla 
Lamniformes Odontaspididae Odontaspis feroxnative Smalltooth sand tiger Girsh 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Oedalechilus labeonative Boxlip mullet  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Ophichthus rufusnative Rufus snake-eel  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Ophidion barbatumnative Snake blenny  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Ophisurus serpensnative Serpent eel  
Squaliformes Oxynotidae Oxynotus centrinanative Angular roughshark  
Perciformes Sparidae Pagellus acarnenative Axillary seabream  
Perciformes Sparidae Pagellus erythrinusnative Common pandora Morjan 
Perciformes Sparidae Pagrus auriganative Redbanded seabream  
Perciformes Sparidae Pagrus caeruleostictusnative Bluespotted seabream  
Perciformes Sparidae Pagrus pagrusnative Red porgy Bagro 
Perciformes Blenniidae Parablennius sanguinolentusnative Rusty blenny  
Aulopiformes Paralepididae Paralepis coregonoidesnative Sharpchin barracudina  
Beloniformes Exocoetidae Parexocoetus mentointroduced African sailfin flyingfish  
Perciformes Pempheridae Pempheris mangulaintroduced Black-edged sweeper  
Petromyzontiformes Petromyzontidae Petromyzon marinusnative Sea lamprey  
Gadiformes Phycidae Phycis blennoidesnative Greater forkbeard  
Pleuronectiformes Pleuronectidae Platichthys flesusnative European flounder  
Perciformes Polyprionidae Polyprion americanusnative Wreckfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Pomatoschistus minutusnative Sand goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Pomatoschistus tortoneseinative Tortonese's goby  
Perciformes Priacanthidae Priacanthus arenatusnative Atlantic bigeye  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Prionace glaucanative Blue shark  
Perciformes Carangidae Pseudocaranx dentexnative White trevally  
Rajiformes Rajidae Raja asteriasnative Mediterranean starry ray  
Rajiformes Rajidae Raja clavatanative Thornback ray  
Rajiformes Rajidae Raja miraletusnative Brown ray  
Rajiformes Rajidae Raja radulanative Rough ray  
Tetraodontiformes Molidae Ranzania laevisnative Slender sunfish  
Rhinopristiformes Rhinobatidae Rhinobatos rhinobatosnative Common guitarfish  
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Rhinoptera marginatanative Lusitanian cownose ray  
Perciformes Gempylidae Ruvettus pretiosusnative Oilfish  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Sardina pilchardusnative European pilchard Sardin mabroum 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Sardinella auritanative Round sardinella Sardine 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Sardinella maderensisnative Madeiran sardinella  
Beryciformes Holocentridae Sargocentron praslinintroduced Dark-striped squirrelfish  
Beryciformes Holocentridae Sargocentron rubrumintroduced Redcoat  
Perciformes Sparidae Sarpa salpanative Salema Shelba 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Sciaena umbranative Brown meagre  
Perciformes Scombridae Scomber scombrusnative Atlantic mackerel  
Beloniformes Scomberesocidae Scomberesox saurusnative Atlantic saury  
Perciformes Scombridae Scomberomorus commersonintroduced Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel Balamet yamani 
Pleuronectiformes Scophthalmidae Scophthalmus rhombusnative Brill  
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena elongatanative Slender rockfish  
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena notatanative Small red scorpionfish  
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena porcusnative Black scorpionfish  
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Scorpaena scrofanative Red scorpionfish  
Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae Scyliorhinus caniculanative Lesser spotted dogfish  
Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae Scyliorhinus stellarisnative Nursehound Kalb bahar 
Perciformes Carangidae Seriola dumerilinative Greater amberjack Barema 
Perciformes Serranidae Serranus cabrillanative Comber Serran 
Perciformes Serranidae Serranus scribanative Painted comber  
Perciformes Siganidae Siganus luridusintroduced Dusky spinefoot Shefshah 
Perciformes Siganidae Siganus rivulatusintroduced Marbled spinefoot Batata beda 
Squaliformes Somniosidae Somniosus rostratusnative Little sleeper shark  
Perciformes Sparidae Sparus auratanative Gilthead seabream Aurata 
Perciformes Sphyraenidae Sphyraena chrysotaeniaintroduced Yellowstripe barracuda  
Perciformes Sphyraenidae Sphyraena obtusataintroduced Obtuse barracuda Moshta 
Perciformes Sphyraenidae Sphyraena pinguisintroduced Red barracuda Moshta 
Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae Sphyrna mokarrannative Great hammerhead  
Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae Sphyrna zygaenanative Smooth hammerhead  
Perciformes Sparidae Spicara maenanative Blotched picarel  
Perciformes Sparidae Spondyliosoma cantharusnative Black seabream Tannut 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Sprattus sprattusnative European sprat  
Squaliformes Squalidae Squalus acanthiasnative Picked dogfish Abushoka 
Squaliformes Squalidae Squalus blainvillenative Longnose spurdog  
Squatiniformes Squatinidae Squatina aculeatanative Sawback angelshark  
Squatiniformes Squatinidae Squatina oculatanative Smoothback angelshark  
Squatiniformes Squatinidae Squatina squatinanative Angelshark Sfen 
Tetraodontiformes Monacanthidae Stephanolepis diasprosintroduced Reticulated leatherjacket Halof boresha 
Stomiiformes Stomiidae Stomias boa boanative Boa dragonfish  
Perciformes Stromateidae Stromateus fiatolanative Blue butterfish  
Myctophiformes Myctophidae Symbolophorus veranyinative Large-scale lantern fish  
Perciformes Labridae Symphodus cinereusnative Grey wrasse  
Perciformes Labridae Symphodus doderleininative   
Perciformes Labridae Symphodus mediterraneusnative Axillary wrasse  
Perciformes Labridae Symphodus ocellatusnative   
Perciformes Labridae Symphodus roissalinative Five-spotted wrasse  
Perciformes Labridae Symphodus rostratusnative   
Perciformes Labridae Symphodus tincanative East Atlantic peacock wrasse  
Perciformes Callionymidae Synchiropus phaetonnative Phaeton dragonet  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Syngnathus abasternative Black-striped pipefish  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Syngnathus acusnative Greater pipefish  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Syngnathus phlegonnative   
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Syngnathus typhlenative Broadnosed pipefish  
Aulopiformes Synodontidae Synodus saurusnative Atlantic lizardfish  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Taeniura grabatanative Round stingray  
Perciformes Istiophoridae Tetrapturus belonenative Mediterranean spearfish  
Torpediniformes Torpedinidae Tetronarce nobiliananative Electric ray  
Perciformes Labridae Thalassoma pavonative Ornate wrasse  
Perciformes Scombridae Thunnus alalunganative Albacore  
Perciformes Scombridae Thunnus thynnusnative Atlantic bluefin tuna  
Torpediniformes Torpedinidae Torpedo marmoratanative Marbled electric ray  
Torpediniformes Torpedinidae Torpedo torpedonative Common torpedo  
Perciformes Carangidae Trachinotus ovatusnative Pompano Azzabi 
Perciformes Trachinidae Trachinus draconative Greater weever  
Lampriformes Trachipteridae Trachipterus trachypterusnative Mediterranean dealfish  
Perciformes Carangidae Trachurus mediterraneusnative Mediterranean horse mackerel  
Perciformes Carangidae Trachurus picturatusnative Blue jack mackerel  
Perciformes Carangidae Trachurus trachurusnative Atlantic horse mackerel Saurou 
Gadiformes Macrouridae Trachyrincus scabrusnative Roughsnout grenadier  
Perciformes Trichiuridae Trichiurus lepturusnative Largehead hairtail  
Scorpaeniformes Triglidae Trigla lyranative Piper gurnard  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Umbrina cirrosanative Shi drum Baghlah 
Perciformes Mullidae Upeneus moluccensisintroduced Goldband goatfish  
Perciformes Mullidae Upeneus poriintroduced Por's goatfish Treellya Khadra 
Stomiiformes Phosichthyidae Vinciguerria attenuatanative Slender lightfish  
Stomiiformes Phosichthyidae Vinciguerria poweriaenative Power's deep-water bristle-mouth fish  
Perciformes Xiphiidae Xiphias gladiusnative Swordfish Abucef 
Zeiformes Zeidae Zeus fabernative John dory  
Lampriformes Trachipteridae Zu cristatusnative Scalloped ribbonfish  
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