List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Iraq
n = 86
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Table 1: 79 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 2 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 5 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 86 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 79 species currently present in the country/island.
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acanthobrama microlepisintroduced Blackbrow bleak  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acanthobrama telavivensisnative   
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus berdanative Goldsilk seabream  
Perciformes Gobiidae Acentrogobius dayinative Day's goby  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnoides bipunctatusnative Schneider  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus caeruleusnative Tigris bleak  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus mossulensisnative Mossul bleak  
Perciformes Carangidae Alepes djedabanative Shrimp scad  
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius disparnative Arabian pupfish  
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius mentonative Pearl-spotted killifish  
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius mesopotamicusnative Mesopotamian tooth-carp  
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius sophiaenative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Arabibarbus grypusnative Shabout Shabbout 
Lepisosteiformes Lepisosteidae Atractosteus spatulanative Alligator gar  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus lacertanative Kura barbel  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barilius mesopotamicusnative Mesopotamian minnow  
Pleuronectiformes Soleidae Brachirus orientalisnative Oriental sole  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Caecocypris basimiendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Capoeta damascinanative Mesopotamian barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Capoeta truttanative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Capoeta umblanative Tigris scraper  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carasobarbus luteusnative Yellow barbell Himri 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carasobarbus sublimusnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratusintroduced Goldfish  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucasnative Bull shark  
Clupeiformes Chirocentridae Chirocentrus nudusnative Whitefin wolf-herring  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Chondrostoma regiumnative Brond-snout Baloot muluki 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias gariepinusintroduced North African catfish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idellaintroduced Grass carp  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinion tenuiradiusnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp  
Perciformes Drepaneidae Drepane punctatanative Spotted sicklefish  
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Eidinemacheilus proudloveinative   
Perciformes Polynemidae Eleutheronema tetradactylumnative Fourfinger threadfin  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia affinisintroduced Mosquitofish  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia holbrookiintroduced Eastern mosquitofish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra rufanative Red garra  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra widdowsoninative Iraq blind barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hemiculter leucisculusintroduced Sharpbelly  
Siluriformes Heteropneustidae Heteropneustes fossilisintroduced Stinging catfish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrixintroduced Silver carp  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys nobilisintroduced Bighead carp  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscus voraxnative Tigris asp Shilik 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Luciobarbus barbulusnative barbell Abu-barattum 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Luciobarbus esocinusnative Mangar Biss 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Luciobarbus kersinnative Kersin barbell  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Luciobarbus subquincunciatusnative Mesopotamian barbel Abou khazzama 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Luciobarbus xanthopterusnative Yellowfin barbell Gattan 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Mesopotamichthys sharpeyinative  Bunni 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalusnative Flathead grey mullet  
Siluriformes Bagridae Mystus pelusiusnative Tigris mystus  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Nematalosa nasusnative Bloch's gizzard shad  
Siluriformes Ariidae Netuma thalassinanative Giant catfish  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Otolithes rubernative Tigertooth croaker  
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Oxynoemacheilus euphraticusnative   
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Oxynoemacheilus frenatusnative Banded Tigris loach  
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Oxynoemacheilus gyndesnative   
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Oxynoemacheilus hanaenative   
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Oxynoemacheilus pantheranative   
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Oxynoemacheilus tigrisnative Tigris loach  
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Oxynoemacheilus zarzianusnative   
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Paracobitis molaviinative   
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Paracobitis zabgawraensisnative   
Perciformes Gobiidae Periophthalmus waltoninative Walton's mudskipper  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Planiliza abunative Abu mullet Hishni 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Planiliza subviridisnative Greenback mullet  
Siluriformes Plotosidae Plotosus lineatusnative Striped eel catfish  
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Rhynchorhamphus georgiinative Long billed half beak  
Perciformes Cichlidae Sarotherodon galilaeusintroduced Mango tilapia  
Perciformes Scatophagidae Scatophagus argusnative Spotted scat  
Perciformes Sillaginidae Sillago sihamanative Silver sillago  
Siluriformes Siluridae Silurus triostegusnative Tigris catfish  
Perciformes Sparidae Sparidentex belayewinative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Squalius lepidusnative   
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura strongyluranative Spottail needlefish  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Tenualosa ilishanative Hilsa shad Shour 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Thryssa hamiltoniinative Hamilton's thryssa  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Thryssa mystaxnative Moustached thryssa  
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Turcinoemacheilus kosswiginative Kosswig’s loach  
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